Georgi Spassov

Georgi Spassov

25.ХІ.1891 - 17.ХІІ.1953

Lom - Bulgaria

composer, singer, conductor, pedagogue

At school he sang in the choir of the Pedagogic School in his native town, conducted by _Alexander Krastev. _When he graduated from high school he worked as a teacher. During the Balkan War and the First World War, in which he took part, he organised military choirs. In 1911 he was private student at the Vocal School in Prague. In 1921, funded by his fellow citizens, he studied Harmony and Counterpoint at the Vienna Conservatoire. Upon his return in 1923, he was appointed artist at the Sofia Popular Opera. In the meantime he conducted a church choir and the choir of the Military School. In 1928 he left the Opera and began working at the Bulgarian National Bank, where he organised and conducted a choir. After he retired in 1947 he dedicated himself to music.

He composed 150 solo, choral and children’s songs, among them 2 for mixed choir, 20 for male voices choir, 6 for three-voiced choir, 19 marches, 11 folksong arrangements, etc. His first songs “Lyuti kletvi” (Oath) and “Gankini ochi” (Gana’s Eyes) (1923) he performed himself. They were created to fit his voice, the melody and the lyrics being emotional, in traditional music mood. These songs, as well as “More Etke” (1925), “Mlad Delia” (Young Madcap) (1926) and “Konakchiyska” (1928) together with the solo songs by Dobri Hristov are considered to be the first examples of the romance in the Bulgarian music. (The lyrics were traditional or in the same style, written by the poet Trifon Kunev). Most of his songs were included in the permanent repertoire of the best Bulgarian singers: from his contemporaries Petar Raychev and Sabcho Sabev, Todor Mazarov, Liuba Velich or Elena Nikolay, to Raina Kabaivanska, Nikolay Ghiaurov, etc. They are used in vocal pedagogy. Songs like “Zlato Mome”, “Sevdalina”, “Hayde Todoro” or “Mlad Delia” were included in the permanent repertoire of the male voices choirs. After 1944 he composed patriotic songs.

In 1947 he published the collection “Biserni zrantza” (Pearl Grains) including 50 children’s songs, among which the famous song “Rodina” (Fatherland) on a poem by Mladen Isaev.

Works

Choral-orchestral:

Ilonka, lyrics by S. Sivriev, for soloist, male voices choir and orchestra (1952) (arranged by Petar Stupel).

Chamber music:

Encounter for voice, violoncello and piano (1923).

Vocal music:h3(red-dot).

Kipra moma (Beautiful Maiden) (1934); Ganinite ochi (Gana’s Eyes) (1923); Lyuti kletvi (Oath) (1923); Mlad Delia (Young Madcap) (1926).

Choral songs:

For mixed choir:

Hubava Kalina (Beautiful Kalina) (1935); Shar Mountain (1936); Zlato Mome (1937); Pesen za ovcharya (Song about the Shepherd) (1945); Harvest Song (1948).

For male voices choir:

Sevdalina (1927); Hayde Todoro (Come on, Todora) (1927); Yunak Dimo (Fine Boy Dimo) (1931); Ey, momiche beloliko (Hey, Pretty Girl) (1935); Vito Horo (Winding Chain Dance) (1938).

For three voices:

Harvest Song, lyrics by Ivan Burin.