Hristo Manolov

Hristo Manolov

1.ІV.1900 - 8.ХІ.1953

Kazanlak - Bulgaria

composer, conductor

He is son of Emanuil Manolov. He studied at the Dresden Conservatoire majoring in Composition and Conducting under Brutner. He returned to Bulgaria and worked as a conductor of the orchestra of the Asen Fortress Tobacco Cooperative Society (1926). He conducted the choir of the Plovdiv Vocal Society and taught music at the Ecclesiastical Seminary and at the French College in Plovdiv (1927-28). He was the founder and the first conductor of the Gusla Choir (1929-30); conductor of the orchestra of the Pernik Mines (1933-38) and of the Odeon Theatre in Sofia. He also conducted the choir Morski zvutzi in Varna (1940-47) and the Varna Opera (1947-52). He was bandmaster in Harmanli (1940-47), Peshtera, Plovdiv, etc. setting new professional style and standards. He conducted the Ensemble of the Construction Troops (1952-53).

He was a prolific composer. He composed the first Bulgarian ballet Zmey i Yana (The Dragon and Yana), premiered at the Sofia Opera in 1937. His compositional style is connected with the Bulgarian traditional melody; his orchestra opuses are characteristic of the Bulgarian symphonism of the first decades of the 20th century. Most of his works were related to his conducting activity. He wrote four operas; two ballets; operettas; symphonic works; pieces for wind orchestra; chamber music; over 50 choral songs, among which Jetvari (Harvesters) is one of the best-known and most frequently performed Bulgarian works. In the 1930s and 1940s he also wrote six liturgies and two vigils, although they might be superior in number due to the fact that they were not published, but kept in private and church archives.

Works

Stage music:

Operas:

Kaliakra; Tamiris; Water-nymph (Water-lily); The Miracle of Lopush Monastery.

Ballets:

The Dragon and Yana (premiered in Sofia, 1937), Tatars (premiered in Varna, 1949).

Operettas:

Sophie; The Young Hero.

For choir and orchestra:

The Ninth of September – cantata.

For symphony orchestra:

Symphonic Poem “The Golden Century”; Iz zapadnia kray (All Over the West Region); Bulgarian Rhapsody; Four Bulgarian Symphonic Dances; Exploit Overture, etc.

Violin Concerto.

For wind orchestra:

Celebration – rhapsody.

Chamber music:

String Quartet.

Choral music:

Songs:

Harvesters; Fisherman; Guslar mi gusli (The Gusla Player Plays); Rachovitza; Tatars; Kosturska izgora (Perch’s Love); Stanke le, chorbadjiyke le (Hey, Stanka the Mistress).

Church music:

For mixed choir:

Solemn Liturgy for double mixed choir (1930); Liturgy in d minor in Bulgarian Style (1943); Holy Liturgy in G Major (unfinished); Vigil (?1938).

For male voices choir:

Liturgy in C Major for equal male voices choir (1941); Complete Liturgy in Old Bulgarian Style (1948); Liturgy in C Major with Psalm 37; Vigil in Old Bulgarian Style for four-voiced male choir.